The Astrolabe is the most sophisticated and beautiful astronomical
instrument. It is basically a representation of the celestial sphere, in
which the most important stars are represented Used to measure time,
azimuths and declinations of stars...
In Europe the Astrolabe
became an essential instrument for astronomers, astrologers and
surveyors until the end of the 17th century when it was replaced by more
accurate instruments. In the Arab world its use lasted until the 19th
The first planispheric astrolabe is attributed to
Hipparchus (150 BC), of the School of Alexandria, based on stereographic
projection. The knowledge and use of the Astrolabe spread throughout
the Islamic world centuries before it reached Europe. The Astrolabe was
known in Latin Europe from the end of the 10th century.
The Astrolabe we present here is a miniature replica of the one
created by the famous maker "Diya'al l Din Muhammad" in the
year 1647 and made in the city of Lahore. This piece belongs
to the collection of the Adler Planetarium & Astronomy Museum in
Chicago. Calculated for 22º latitude (the Mecca).
Brass Astrolabe, engraved on both faces
Diameter: 12.2 cm
Includes a booklet (in English) with history and uses
Designed and produced in Madrid, Spain
[$, £, CHF...]